- To recognise the suffix –ed.
- To add the suffix –ed correctly to different stem words.
The suffix ‘-ed’ is used to change verbs to the past tense. There are three different ways to add ‘-ed’ to words. The first one is very simple. In words such as jump, walk or play we simply add ‘-ed’ to the end. In other words such as hop or tap we need to double the final consonant before adding ‘-ed’, i.e. hopped and tapped. Words that already end in –e must have the final –e removed before adding ‘-ed’, i.e. love becomes loved and care becomes cared.
Finally some words change completely in the past tense and do not take the ‘-ed’ suffix. For example ride becomes rode not rided, give becomes gave not gived. It is very common for children to add ‘-ed’ to such words in both their speech and writing. With experience your child will begin to learn which words are the exception to the rule.
At this stage we will only be focusing on adding –ed to words that do not need any alterations.